Posts from July 2023.
Can a Receivership Court Stay Pending Lawsuits?

Q: I was appointed state court receiver over a corporation. There are a number of pending lawsuits against the corporation. At the current time, there are few liquid assets and I would rather not use them to defend the lawsuits. Can the receivership court stay the lawsuits and require the claims be dealt with in a claims procedure in the receivership case?

A: It depends. The pivotal issue is whether the case you were appointed in is an action (C.C.P §22) or a special proceeding ( C.C.P. §23). The distinction is important because C.C.P. § 526(b)(1) prohibits an injunction: “to stay a ...

California Appellate Court Holds that Employers Must Reimburse Work-from-Home Expenses During COVID Lockdown

The Court of Appeal of the State of California recently held in Thai v. IBM, A165390, that employers are obligated to reimburse expenses incurred by employees working from home if those expenses are a consequence of the employee’s job duties, even if those expenses were caused by state stay-at-home COVID orders rather than by the employer.

Plaintiff Paul Thai (“Thai”) is a former IBM employee whose regular job duties required internet access, telephone service, a computer, and a headset. On March 19, 2020, California Governor Gavin Newsom signed Executive Order N-33-20 (the ...

Supreme Court Unanimously Approves Higher Standard for Religious Accommodations Under Title VII

On June 29, 2023, the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously held in Groff v. DeJoy, No. 22-174, that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”) requires an employer that denies a religious accommodation to show that the burden of granting an accommodation would result in substantial increased costs that would affect the conduct of the employer’s business.

U.S. Post Office employee Gerald Groff is an Evangelical Christian who believes that Sunday should be devoted to worship and rest.  Groff had been a USPS employee since 2012. At the time he started, the USPS ...

Posted in Legal Bites
FDA Announces Updated Foods Program Priorities

On July 6, 2023, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) released an updated list of draft and final topics that the agency anticipates publishing guidance documents for by the end of December 2023.

The guidance topics on labeling issues include:

  • Foods Derived from Plants Produced Using Genome Editing;
  • Menu Labeling Supplemental Guidance;
  • Labeling of Plant-Based Alternatives to Animal-Derived Foods;
  • Use of Nutrient Content Claims for Added Sugars in the Labeling of Human Food Products

FDA stated: “[w]e currently intend to develop guidance on each topic; however ...

Insure Against Data Breaches Suffered By Vendors and Service Providers

Over the last several years several companies, including Marriott, Yahoo and Volkswagen, have been victimized by hackers breaking into a company’s computer network. In some cases, they have put confidential information on the internet. In others, the hackers have held the company’s information hostage through ransomware. While companies are rightly concerned about the security of their own networks, there is another risk. Recent court cases are testing the liability of companies and their directors for data breaches suffered by their vendors or service providers. This is ...

Federal Pregnant Workers Fairness Act Now Effective

On June 27, 2023, the federal Pregnant Workers Fairness Act (“PWFA”) went into effect.  The law requires employers with 15 or more workers to provide “reasonable accommodations” to a worker’s known limitations related to pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions, unless the accommodation will cause the employer an “undue hardship.”

The PWFA does not replace federal, state, or local laws that are more protective of workers affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions. These laws have been passed in approximately 30 jurisdictions ...

FTC Proposes Ban on Fake Reviews and Testimonials

On June 30, 2023, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) announced that it would be publishing a notice of proposed rulemaking on the use of consumer reviews and testimonials.

The proposed rule follows FTC’s November 2022 Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. The FTC voted 3-0 to approve the notice of proposed rulemaking, which will be published in the Federal Register and open to public comment.

Specific practices that would be prohibited under the proposed rule and subject to FTC fines or enforcement action include:

  • Selling or Obtaining Fake Consumer Reviews, Consumer ...


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