The 2019 mileage rates used to calculate the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical, or moving purposes have increased from last year, or remained unchanged. Specifically, as of January 1, 2019, the standard mileage rates for the use of a car (also vans, pickups, or panel trucks) are:
- 58 cents per mile for business miles driven, up three and one-half cents from 2018;
- 20 cents per mile driven for medical or moving purposes, up two cents from 2018; and
- 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations.
The IRS standard mileage rate for business is based on an annual study of the fixed and variable costs of operating an automobile. The rate for medical and moving purposes is based on the variable costs. The charitable rate is based on a statute.
Note that taxpayers can calculate the actual costs of using their vehicles rather than using the standard mileage rates.
The rates are important because most employers use the standard rate for business as the reimbursement rate for employees who drive their vehicles in connection with performing work. However, employers should note that, just like deductions for taxpayers, employees can opt to calculate their actual mileage expenses instead of using the IRS rate.
The author would like to gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Joanne Warriner.
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